using Latte simulations to analyze the formation and evolution of stellar halo
Fig: Mock galactic (Aitoff) projection of a Latte simulation, as seen from a star 10 kpc from the center of the simulated galaxy.
LATTE is an extension of the FIRE project, which develops cosmological simulations of galaxy formation and simulates Milky Way-like galaxies at ultra-high resolution, aiming to address those key problems in the near-field cosmology.
We are using LATTE simulations to study the formation and evolution of Milky Way-like galaxies, especially their stellar halos. In our previews work, we saw a tendency of stars being kicked out of the center part of galaxies when the galaxies are evolving. There maybe a certain amount of stars that are in the stellar halo nowadays, were born in the very center of galaxies. They were kicked out of the center part of galaxies at later time. We are interested in the composition of stellar halo and are trying to find proofs to our hypothesis.
Further details will be updated once we have more progress.
Emission Line Analysis of an Interacting Galaxy Pair J0754+1648
Fig: Galaxy J0754+1648 from SDSS9.
Galaxies with strong Balmer absorption lines but no [OII] or H emission are called E+A galaxies, which are also interpreted as post-starburst galaxies. We used the data collected from the WIYN observatory by the brand-new integral field unit (IFU) called HexPak to study the interaction between the AGN and the host galaxy. Our object galaxy showed a post-starburst signature identified by SDSS, starburst region, along with a strong radio source. We aimed to find out if there is a connection between the AGN and the post-starburst region.
Because of the low signal-to-noise ratio, we were not able to detect any signs of AGN outflows. But we saw a large ionized bar-like area of gas that could be due to the AGN. We were still not sure about the truncation mechanism of starburst but the possibility of AGN outflows being responsible for the exhaustion for gas may be higher in our object galaxy.
Another important part about this work is the commissioning of the new IFU device. We developed a viable method to produce the noise map entailed by the spectral fitting with the simple stellar population models.
Click here to learn more details about this work.
Integrated field spectroscopy of E+A (post-starburst) galaxies with MaNGA:
The origin of E+A galaxies
Fig: Optical g,r,i band image and spectrum of galaxy J162702.55+432833.9 from SDSS DR4.
We used data from MaNGA survey to study the properties of post-starburst galaxies. MaNGA is one of the three core programs in the SDSS-IV project, provides maps and measured gradients of the composition and kinematic structure of stars and gas.
We mapped different properties of two galaxies whose post-starburst regions are both in the galaxy center. Along with the disturbed morphology, our results are consistent with the merger/interaction origin of E+A galaxies. We divided the galaxy into different regions and combined spectra, forming a BPT plot to see nearly all parts of the galaxy fall into the LINERs region.
These findings are consistent with a simple scenario that the galaxy accreted a gas-rich dwarf galaxy, inducing the central starburst and shock wave. After the starburst stopped, the galaxy involved into post-starburst phase. And AGN didn’t seem to play an important role during this process.